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Crimea rivers

Salgir

Salgir

Place under the Simferopol Reservoir 1957.

Place under the Simferopol Reservoir 1957.

There are more than 150 rivers and creeks In Crimea, a large part of which dries up in the summer. The largest part of rivers is in the mountains, but the biggest of them flowing in the steppe part – Salgir. If to compare with Ukraine rivers, the Crimean rivers are small and not power. They dry in summer and filled with water from rain and melting snow quickly. Rivers are divided into three groups according to their deposit.

-          The rivers of the northern and north-western slope of the Crimean Mountains, which flowing into Siwash;

-          Rivers of the western and north-western slope of the Crimean Mountains, flowing into the Black Sea;

-          The rivers and streams of the Southern coast of the Crimea.

Simferopol reservoir

Simferopol reservoir

The largest river in the Crimea – Salgir belong to the first group of the rivers of the northern and north-eastern slope of the mountains, its length is 232km, its catchment area – 4010 square kilometers. The river has several major tributaries – Bink-Karasu, Angara and Kizil-Koba from the north of Simferopol Small Salgir flows into Salgir, and from the north-east of the city the tributaries are flowing – Beshterek, Zuy and Burulcha.

The largest reservoir in the Crimea is also built on the Salgir river in Simferopol. Its length is 7 km, width – about 1.5 km, its   volume is of 36 million cubic meters. There is the dam that holds the floodwaters. There are about 500 sources in the pool of Salgir. The largest of these is the Ayan  source on which the reservoir is also built.

The Indole  river – one of the major rivers of the Crimea. Its length is 58 km, and its basin area is 324 square kilometers. It originates in a mountain ravine in the mountains Karagol.

East Bulganak – this prairie river, 44 km long. In the hot season it is dry, so it’s poorly suitable for agriculture.

The  Alma, Kacha, Belbek, Black and West Bulganak rivers belong to the second group of western and north-western slope of the mountains.

Alma river

Alma river

The Alma river  basin area is  635 square kilometers, length – 84km. It’s the second longest river after the Salgir. The river is formed by the confluence of the Sary-Su-Su and Saul Babuganki. The wildness protection trout farm was created on the river Alma where trout are grow, and then it comes in the river and creek.

The Dry Alma falls in  Alma in the upper reaches, the Mawla and Kosy fall into slightly lower down the river. The Partisan reservoir built  downstream in the valley.

Bodrak river is the largest tributary of the Alma river, it is quite stormy during the floods.

Alma flows into the Black Sea near the Peschanoe  village.

Kacha river a bit inferior to the high-water and the length of Alma. Its length  69 km and its catchment area – 573 square kilometers. The river is filled in by the upper karst water. It is formed by the confluence of two rivers Bink-Uzen and Pisara.

Bulganak river

Bulganak river

Kacha has many tributaries, the largest of them is the Chuyun-Igla (length – 8,4 km), Donga, Kapsan, Martha (length – 21 km), Churuk-Su (13km long). Besides, there are  two large water reservoir on Kutcha, they are located in the village Zelonoye and in the Bashtanovka village, the water of which is used for irrigation.

Belbek river (length 63 km, catchment area – 505 sq. km)   formed by the confluence of two rivers – Bink-Uzenbash and Managotra at Schastlivoye village on Bakhchsarai area.

The large tributary Kokozka is flowing into the Belbek a length of 17km, which is formed by the confluence of two rivers – Sary-Uzen and Auzen Uzen. Last flows from the Grand Canyon of Crimea.

Despite the fact that Bel’bek is the most abundant river in Crimea,   it is almost dry for a short time each year.

The Black River (length – 41km, the drainage area – 436kv.km.) Originates in Baydar Valley. The upper reaches of the river is r.Uzundzha, 11km in length. The river bed is filled with water only after heavy rains and floods.

The largest tributaries are Chyornaya River Kayak (long-14km) and Baga Urkusta and Armanka. All of these tributaries are shallow and dry most of the year.

A large reservoir Chernorechenskoye is constructed on the river.

The southern coast of the river flowing through the southern slope of the mountain range. Relief and significant height sources of rivers cause short length of rivers and large drop channel.

Kacha river

Kacha river

The river Uchang-Su (length 8.4 km, drainage area – 38 sq km), begins at Ai-Petri and flows down to a big fall, forming in some places waterfalls. The largest of these falls Wuchang-Su.

The tributaries of the Uchang-Su are Barbala, Kuhna and Yauzlar.

River Derekoyka (length – 12 km, the catchment area – 44 sq. km) originates on the southern slope of Nikita plateau and flows into the Black Sea. The river is mixed. The most abundant the river is in winter and in spring.

Avunda River (88km length, basin area – 27kv.km.) originates in the eastern part of the Nikitsky plateau and flows into the Black Sea near Gurzuf.

The river dries up, because of intensive irrigation.

Ulu Uzen river

Ulu Uzen river

Major tributaries are the rivers and Katka and Tsirubu. The Stok of both rivers is an negligible.

The river Ulu Uzen (length – 15 km, the basin area 60kv.km.) formed in the upper reaches of the rivers Sofu Uzen, originating on the southern slope Chater-Dag and Uzen-Bash flowing with Babugan-plateau.

Ulu Uzen Valley occupied by orchards and vineyards where the famous Alushta grown pears.

Demerji  river (length – 14 km, the basin area – 56kv.km.) begins on the south-western slope of the array Demerji and empties into the Black Sea near Alushta. In some years, the river dries up.

Demerji river

Demerji river

The River East Ulu Uzen begins at the foot of the massif Tyrke, empties into the Black Sea near  Solnechnogorskoe village in Alushta region. In the mountains, it created the Haphal gorge  with numerous waterfalls, especially picturesque of them is powerful Jur-Jur.

Crimea River is so shallow that do not have significant economic value, so the only way to use them – is to build a reservoir. Water shortage is particularly acute in the southern coast of Crimea, because of the growing demand for water resorts in the summer-autumn period.