In Kharkiv, in the central square, is one of the official symbols of this cultural capital, concrete building of Gosprom – Houses of state industry. Today this building – a monument to Soviet Constructivist architecture. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it was the first tallest building in the USSR as well as its construction was first used in the world of technology for complex calculation of reinforced concrete structures. Gosprom – almost monolithic concrete building.
The building was built in 1925 and was intended for the “Mutual Association building and operation of buildings in the city of Kharkiv state industry”, in city declared the capital of Ukraine.
In the course of a competitive struggle in the plan of building area architects from Leningrad defeated S.S. Seraphim, S.M. Kravets and Felger M.D. The chief engineer has performed P.P. Rotter, thanks to the development of which it became possible to create a unique design. The building was given to the operation of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Ukraine.
During World War II, the first floors of the building used to shelter horses, and others – to save the animals from the zoo, which is located nearby. Miraculously, the building survived the war. Plus there was also the fact that the concrete walls of Gosprom were not afraid of fires.
After the war, the building was restored and installed it on one of the first television tower in USSR.
It should be noted that Gosprom was put into operation in a rather short period of time, despite the fact that a lot of the work is done by hand. Manual workers had dug a foundation pit of about twenty thousand cubic meters, and the land was exported horses. Builders of a few hundred people worked in shifts and live in wooden huts in the winter.
An interesting fact is that during the construction of the mammoth bones were found, which are now kept in a museum in the city.
Every detail in Gosprom has been thought. On the recommendation of physicians door handles were made of copper, which has antibacterial properties, the facade of the building is directed to the east, what would it shone calling rays of the sun.